Archive for the ‘2 Samuel’ Category

2 Samuel 24:18-25 

18On that day Gad went to David and said to him, “Go up and build an altar to the LORD on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.” 19So David went up, as the LORD had commanded through Gad. 20When Araunah looked and saw the king and his officials coming toward him, he went out and bowed down before the king with his face to the ground.

     21Araunah said, “Why has my lord the king come to his servant?”

     “To buy your threshing floor,” David answered, “so I can build an altar to the LORD, that the plague on the people may be stopped.”

     22Araunah said to David, “Let my lord the king take whatever he wishes and offer it up. Here are oxen for the burnt offering, and here are threshing sledges and ox yokes for the wood. 23Your Majesty, Araunah give all this to the king.” Araunah also said to him, “May the LORD your God accept you.”

     24But the king replied to Araunah, “No, I insist on paying you for it. I will not sacrifice to the LORD my God burnt offerings that cost me nothing.”

     So David bought the threshing floor and the oxen and paid fifty shekels of silver for them. 25David built an altar to the LORD there and sacrificed burnt offerings and fellowship offerings. Then the LORD answered his prayer in behalf of the land, and the plague on Israel was stopped. 

Many believe that this threshing floor where David built the altar is the location where Abraham nearly sacrificed Isaac (Genesis 22:1-18). After David’s death, Solomon built the temple on this spot. Centuries later, Jesus would teach and preach here.

The book of 2 Samuel describes David’s reign. Since the Israelites first entered the Promised Land under Joshua, they had been struggling to unite the nation and drive out the wicked inhabitants. Now, after more than 400 years, Israel was finally at peace. David had accomplished what no leader before him, judge or king, had done. His administration was run on the principle of dedication to God and to the well-being of the people.

Yet David also sinned. Despite his sins, however, the Bible calls David a man after God’s own heart (1 Samuel 13:14; Acts 13:22) because when he sinned, he recognized it and confessed his sins to God. David committed his life to God and remained loyal to him throughout his lifetime. Psalms gives an even deeper insight into David’s love for God.

Let’s Bring it Home: David did sinned, and he sure faced mad consequences of his sins as we also do.  My Dad told me that we all need to learn from this that when we struggle with sin, its like being in quicksand, we start sink more and more.  So recognized it early and repent and confessed your sins to God.

Also, listen to people in lower position than yourself.  David could have saved thousands of lives if he had listen to Joab.

2 Samuel 24:1-17

     David Enrolls the Fighting Men

     1Againa the anger of the LORD burned against Israel, and he incited David against them, saying, “Go and take a census of Israel and Judah.”

     2So the king said to Joab and the army commanders with him, “Go throughout the tribes of Israel from Dan to Beersheba and enroll the fighting men, so that I may know how many there are.”

     3But Joab replied to the king, “May the LORD your God multiply the troops a hundred times over, and may the eyes of my lord the king see it. But why does my lord the king want to do such a thing?”

     4The king’s word, however, overruled Joab and the army commanders; so they left the presence of the king to enroll the fighting men of Israel.

     5After crossing the Jordan, they camped near Aroer, south of the town in the gorge, and then went through Gad and on to Jazer. 6They went to Gilead and the region of Tahtim Hodshi, and on to Dan Jaan and around toward Sidon. 7Then they went toward the fortress of Tyrel and all the towns of the Hivites and Canaanites. Finally, they went on to Beersheba in the Negev of Judah.

     8After they had gone through the entire land, they came back to Jerusalem at the end of nine months and twenty days.

     9Joab reported the number of the fighting men to the king: In Israel there were eight hundred thousand able-bodied men who could handle a sword, and in Judah five hundred thousand.

     10David was conscience-stricken after he had counted the fighting men, and he said to the LORD, “I have sinned greatly in what I have done. Now, LORD, I beg you, take away the guilt of your servant. I have done a very foolish thing.”

     11Before David got up the next morning, the word of the LORD had come to Gad the prophet, David’s seer: 12“Go and tell David, ‘This is what the LORD says: I am giving you three options. Choose one of them for me to carry out against you.’ ”

     13So Gad went to David and said to him, “Shall there come on you three years of famine in your land? Or three months of fleeing from your enemies while they pursue you? Or three days of plague in your land? Now then, think it over and decide how I should answer the one who sent me.”

     14David said to Gad, “I am in deep distress. Let us fall into the hands of the LORD, for his mercy is great; but do not let me fall into human hands.”

     15So the LORD sent a plague on Israel from that morning until the end of the time designated, and seventy thousand of the people from Dan to Beersheba died. 16When the angel stretched out his hand to destroy Jerusalem, the LORD relented concerning the disaster and said to the angel who was afflicting the people, “Enough! Withdraw your hand.” The angel of the LORD was then at the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.

     17When David saw the angel who was striking down the people, he said to the LORD, “I have sinned; I, the shepherd, have done wrong. These are but sheep. What have they done? Let your hand fall on me and my family.”

Did God cause David to sin? God does not cause people to sin, but he does allow sinners to reveal the sinfulness of their hearts by their actions. God presented the opportunity to David in order to deal with a disastrous national tendency, and he wanted this desire to show itself. First Chronicles 21:1 says Satan incited David to do it. Hebrew writers do not always distinguish between primary and secondary causes. So if God allowed Satan to tempt David, to them it is as if God did it.

What was wrong with taking a census? A census was commanded in Numbers to prepare an army for conquering the Promised Land (Numbers 1:2; 26:2). A census amounted to a draft or conscription for the army. The land was now at peace, so there was no need to enlist troops. Israel had extended its borders and become a recognized power. David’s sin was pride and ambition in counting the people so that he could glory in the size of his nation and army, its power and defenses. By doing this, he put his faith in the size of his army rather than in God’s ability to protect them regardless of their number. Even Joab knew a census was wrong, but David did not heed his advice. We sin in a similar way when we place our security in money, possessions, or the might of our nation.

Both David and the Israelites were guilty of sin (24:1). David’s sin was pride, but the Bible does not say why God was angry with the people of Israel. Perhaps it was due to their support of the rebellions of Absalom (chapters 15–18) and Sheba (chapter 20), or perhaps they put their security in military and financial prosperity rather than in God, as David did. God dealt with the whole nation through David, who exemplified the national sin of pride.

God gave David three choices. Each was a form of punishment God had said the people could expect if they disobeyed his laws (disease—Deuteronomy 28:20-22; famine—28:23-24; war—28:25-26). David wisely chose the form of punishment that came most directly from God. He knew how brutal men in war could be, and he also knew God’s great mercy.

Let’s Bring it Home: Sometimes it pays to listen to someone in a lesser position than you are.  It can possibly save money, time, and even lives as it would have for David if he had listen to Joab.

When you sin greatly, turn back to God. To be punished by him is far better than to take your chances without him.

David’s Song of Praise 

     1David sang to the LORD the words of this song when the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul. 2He said:

         “The LORD is my rock, my fortress and my deliverer;

            3my God is my rock, in whom I take refuge,

             my shield and the horn of my salvation.

         He is my stronghold, my refuge and my savior—

            from violent people you save me.

        4“I called to the LORD, who is worthy of praise,

            and have been saved from my enemies.


        5The waves of death swirled about me;

             the torrents of destruction overwhelmed me.

        6The cords of the grave coiled around me;

             the snares of death confronted me.

        7“In my distress I called to the LORD;

             I called out to my God.

         From his temple he heard my voice;

             my cry came to his ears.


        8The earth trembled and quaked,

             the foundations of the heavens shook;

             they trembled because he was angry.

        9Smoke rose from his nostrils;

             consuming fire came from his mouth,

             burning coals blazed out of it.

       10He parted the heavens and came down;

             dark clouds were under his feet.

       11He mounted the cherubim and flew;

             he soared on the wings of the wind.

       12He made darkness his canopy around him—

             the dark rain clouds of the sky.

      13Out of the brightness of his presence

             bolts of lightning blazed forth.

       14The LORD thundered from heaven;

             the voice of the Most High resounded.

       15He shot his arrows and scattered the enemy,

             with great bolts of lightning he routed them.

       16The valleys of the sea were exposed

             and the foundations of the earth laid bare

         at the rebuke of the LORD,

            at the blast of breath from his nostrils.


       17“He reached down from on high and took hold of me;

            he drew me out of deep waters.

       18He rescued me from my powerful enemy,

             from my foes, who were too strong for me.

       19They confronted me in the day of my disaster,

             but the LORD was my support.

       20He brought me out into a spacious place;

             he rescued me because he delighted in me.


       21“The LORD has dealt with me according to my

            righteousness;  according to the cleanness of my hands       

            he has rewarded me.

       22For I have kept the ways of the LORD;

             I am not guilty of turning from my God.

       23All his laws are before me;

             I have not turned away from his decrees.

       24I have been blameless before him

             and have kept myself from sin.

       25The LORD has rewarded me according to my      


             according to my cleanness in his sight.


       26“To the faithful you show yourself faithful,

             to the blameless you show yourself blameless,

       27to the purer you show yourself pure,

             but to the devious you show yourself      


       28You save the humble,

             but your eyes are on the haughty to bring them low.

       29You, LORD, are my lamp;

             the LORD turns my darkness into light.

      30With your help I can advance against a

          troop; with my God I can scale a wall.


      31“As for God, his way is perfect:

             The LORD’s word is flawless;

             he shields all who take refuge in him.

      32For who is God besides the LORD?

             And who is the Rock except our God?

       33It is God who arms me with strength

             and keeps my way secure.

       34He makes my feet like the feet of a deer;

             he causes me to stand on the heights.

       35He trains my hands for battle;

             my arms can bend a bow of bronze.

       36You make your saving help my shield;

             your help has made me great.

       37You provide a broad path for my feet,

             so that my ankles do not give way.

       38“I pursued my enemies and crushed them;

             I did not turn back till they were destroyed.


       39I crushed them completely, and they could not rise;

             they fell beneath my feet.

       40You armed me with strength for battle;

             you humbled my adversaries before me.

       41You made my enemies turn their backs in flight,

             and I destroyed my foes.

       42They cried for help,  but there was no one to save  

           them  to the LORD, but he did not answer.

       43I beat them as fine as the dust of the earth;

             I pounded and trampled them like mud in the streets.


       44“You have delivered me from the attacks of the

             peoples; you have preserved me as the head of nations.

         People I did not know now serve me,

           45foreigners come before me;

             as soon as they hear of me, they obey me.

       46They all lose heart;

             they come trembling w from their strongholds.


47“The LORD lives! Praise be to my Rock!

             Exalted be my God, the Rock, my Savior!

       48He is the God who avenges me,

             who puts the nations under me,

           49who sets me free from my enemies.

         You exalted me above my foes;

             from a violent man you rescued me.

       50Therefore I will praise you, LORD, among the nations;

             I will sing the praises of your name.

       51“He gives his king great victories;

             he shows unfailing kindness to his anointed,

             to David and his descendants forever.”


David was a skilled musician who played his harp for Saul (1 Samuel 16:23), instituted the music programs for the tabernacle and temple (1 Chronicles 25), and wrote more of the book of Psalms than anyone else. Writing a song like this was not unusual for David. This royal hymn of thanksgiving is almost identical to Psalm 18.

David was not denying that he had ever sinned. Psalm 51 shows his tremendous anguish over his sin against Uriah and Bathsheba. But David understood God’s faithfulness and was writing this hymn from God’s perspective. He knew that God had made him clean again—“whiter than snow” (Psalm 51:7), with a “pure heart” (Psalm 51:10). Through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, we also are made clean and perfect. God replaces our sin with his purity, and he no longer sees our sin.

“To the devious you show yourself shrewd” means that to those who sin, God is a judge who will punish them for their sins. God destroys those who are evil.

David praises God wholeheartedly. Praise is not just a song about God; it is a song to God. In this song, David uses many word pictures such as rock, lamp, and shield to portray God’s marvelous attributes.

Let’s Bring it Home:  Praising God has several aspects to it. We praise God when we:

(1) Say thank you to him for each attribute of his divine nature. As you read the Bible, look for other characteristics of God for which to thank him.

(2) Focus our hearts on God. Take one attribute of God, such as his mercy, then concentrate on it for an entire week in your meditation and prayer.

(3) Thank God for his many gracious gifts to us. Make a list and count your blessings.

(4) Thank God for our relationship with him. Through Christ you have been given the gift of salvation. Tell God again how much you appreciate it.

But, always remember this, when you walk in sin and know your walking in sin, there will always be consequences, so stop now and ask God for that forgiveness, and hopefully consequences will be small.


     1These are the last words of David:

         “The inspired utterance of David son of Jesse,

             the utterance of the man exalted by the Most High,

         the man anointed by the God of Jacob,

             the hero of Israel’s songs:

        2“The Spirit of the LORD spoke through me;

             his word was on my tongue.

        3The God of Israel spoke,

             the Rock of Israel said to me:

         ‘When one rules over people in righteousness,

             when he rules in the fear of God,

        4he is like the light of morning at sunrise

             on a cloudless morning,

         like the brightness after rain

             that brings grass from the earth.’

        5“If my house were not right with God,

             surely he would not have made with me an everlasting 

            covenant, arranged and secured in every part;

           surely he would not bring to fruition my salvation

             and grant me my every desire.

        6But evil men are all to be cast aside like thorns,

             which are not gathered with the hand.

        7Whoever touches thorns

             uses a tool of iron or the shaft of a spear;

             they are burned up where they lie.”

David’s Mighty Warriors

     8These are the names of David’s mighty warriors:

     Josheb-Basshebeth, a Tahkemonite was chief of the Three; he raised his spear against eight hundred men, whom he killed in one encounter.

     9Next to him was Eleazar son of Dodai the Ahohite. As one of the three mighty warriors, he was with David when they taunted the Philistines gathered at Pas Dammim for battle. Then the Israelites retreated, 10but Eleazar stood his ground and struck down the Philistines till his hand grew tired and froze to the sword. The LORD brought about a great victory that day. The troops returned to Eleazar, but only to strip the dead.

     11Next to him was Shammah son of Agee the Hararite. When the Philistines banded together at a place where there was a field full of lentils, Israel’s troops fled from them. 12But Shammah took his stand in the middle of the field. He defended it and struck the Philistines down, and the LORD brought about a great victory.

     13During harvest time, three of the thirty chief warriors came down to David at the cave of Adullam, while a band of Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim. 14At that time David was in the stronghold, and the Philistine garrison was at Bethlehem. 15David longed for water and said, “Oh, that someone would get me a drink of water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem!” 16So the three mighty warriors broke through the Philistine lines, drew water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem and carried it back to David. But he refused to drink it; instead, he poured it out before the LORD. 17“Far be it from me, LORD, to do this!” he said. “Is it not the blood of men who went at the risk of their lives?” And David would not drink it.

     Such were the exploits of the three mighty warriors.

     18Abishaix the brother of Joab son of Zeruiah was chief of the Three. He raised his spear against three hundred men, whom he killed, and so he became as famous as the Three. 19Was he not held in greater honor than the Three? He became their commander, even though he was not included among them.

     20Benaiah son of Jehoiada, a valiant fighter from Kabzeel, performed great exploits. He struck down Moab’s two mightiest warriors. He also went down into a pit on a snowy day and killed a lion. 21And he struck down a huge Egyptian. Although the Egyptian had a spear in his hand, Benaiah went against him with a club. He snatched the spear from the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with his own spear. 22Such were the exploits of Benaiah son of Jehoiada; he too was as famous as the three mighty warriors. 23He was held in greater honor than any of the Thirty, but he was not included among the Three. And David put him in charge of his bodyguard.

  24Among the Thirty were:

     Asahel the brother of Joab,

     Elhanan son of Dodo from Bethlehem,

25Shammah the Harodite,

     Elika the Harodite,

26Helez the Paltite,

     Irad son of Ikkesh from Tekoa,

 27Abiezere from Anathoth,

     Mebunnai the Hushathite,

28Zalmon the Ahohite,

     Maharai the Netophathite,

 29Heleda son of Baanah the Netophathite,

     Ithai son of Ribai from Gibeah in Benjamin,

 30Benaiah the Pirathonite,

     Hiddai from the ravines of Gaash,

 31Abi-Albon the Arbathite,

     Azmaveth the Barhumite,

 32Eliahba the Shaalbonite,

     the sons of Jashen,

     Jonathan 33son of Shammah the Hararite,

     Ahiam son of Shararb the Hararite,

34Eliphelet son of Ahasbai the Maakathite,

     Eliam son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,

35Hezro the Carmelite,

     Paarai the Arbite,

36Igal son of Nathan from Zobah,

     the son of Hagri, 37Zelek the Ammonite,

     Naharai the Beerothite, the armor-bearer of Joab son of Zeruiah,

38Ira the Ithrite,

     Gareb the Ithrite

 39and Uriah the Hittite. There were thirty-seven in all.

23:3 In the style of a prophet, David spoke of a just and righteous ruler. This will be fulfilled in Jesus Christ when he returns to rule in perfect justice and peace. For similar prophecies, see Isaiah 11:1-10; Jeremiah 23:5-6; 33:15-18; Zechariah 9:9-10. For the fulfillment of some of these prophecies, see Matthew 4:14-16; Luke 24:25-27, 44-49; John 5:45-47; 8:28-29. 23:8-39

These verses tell of some of the exploits that the special corps of David’s army carried out. There were two elite groups of men: “the Thirty” and “the Three” (23:18, 23; 1 Chronicles 11:11-25). To become a member of such a group a man had to show unparalleled courage in battle as well as wisdom in leadership. “The Three” was the most elite group. The list of “the Thirty” actually contains 37 names, but it mentions some warriors known to be dead (Uriah, for example, in 23:39). Apparently, new members were appointed to replace those who had fallen in battle.

David poured out the water as an offering to God because he was so moved by the sacrifice it represented. When Hebrews offered sacrifices, they never consumed the blood. It represented life, and they poured it out before God. David would not drink this water that represented the lives of his soldiers. Instead, he offered it to God.

David’s Mighty Men

One way to understand David’s success is to notice the kind of men who followed him. During the time he was being hunted by Saul, David gradually built a fighting force of several hundred men. Some were relatives, others were outcasts of society, many were in trouble with the law. They all had at least one trait in common—complete devotion to David. Their achievements made them famous. Among these men were elite military groups like “the Three” and “the Thirty.” They were true heroes.     Scripture gives the impression that these men were motivated to greatness by the personal qualities of their leader. David inspired them to achieve beyond their goals and meet their true potential. Likewise, the leaders we follow and the causes to which we commit ourselves will affect our lives. David’s effectiveness was clearly connected with his awareness of God’s leading. He was a good leader when he was following his Leader.

Strengths and accomplishments:

Able soldiers and military leaders Shared many special skills Though frequently outnumbered, were consistently victorious Loyal to David

Weakness and mistake:

Often had little in common beyond their loyalty to David and their military expertise

Lessons from their lives:

Greatness is often inspired by the quality and character of the leadership Even a small force of able and loyal men can accomplish great feats

Lets Bring it Home: Do you know whom the people you respect most are following? Your answer should help you decide whether they deserve your loyalty. Do you also recognize God’s leading in your life? No one can lead you to excellence as your Creator can.


2nd Samuel 19:1-10

    1Joab was told, “The king is weeping and mourning for Absalom.” 2And for the whole army the victory that day was turned into mourning, because on that day the troops heard it said, “The king is grieving for his son.” 3The men stole into the city that day as men steal in who are ashamed when they flee from battle. 4The king covered his face and cried aloud, “O my son Absalom! O Absalom, my son, my son!”

     5Then Joab went into the house to the king and said, “Today you have humiliated all your men, who have just saved your life and the lives of your sons and daughters and the lives of your wives and concubines. 6You love those who hate you and hate those who love you. You have made it clear today that the commanders and their men mean nothing to you. I see that you would be pleased if Absalom were alive today and all of us were dead. 7Now go out and encourage your men. I swear by the LORD that if you don’t go out, not a man will be left with you by nightfall. This will be worse for you than all the calamities that have come on you from your youth till now.”

     8So the king got up and took his seat in the gateway. When the men were told, “The king is sitting in the gateway,” they all came before him.

     Meanwhile, the Israelites had fled to their homes. 9Throughout the tribes of Israel, all the people were arguing among themselves, saying, “The king delivered us from the hand of our enemies; he is the one who rescued us from the hand of the Philistines. But now he has fled the country to escape from Absalom; 10and Absalom, whom we anointed to rule over us, has died in battle. So why do you say nothing about bringing the king back?”

David sat at the gateway of the town because that was where business was conducted and judgment rendered. His presence there showed that he was over his mourning and back in control.

Just a few days before, most of Israel was supporting the rebel ruler Absalom. Now the people wanted David back as their king. Because crowds are often fickle, there must be a higher moral code to follow than the pleasure of the majority.

Lets Bring it Home: Following the moral principles given in God’s Word will help you avoid being swayed by the popular opinions of the crowd.